The ultimate golden release upgrade guide
How to get from dCache 2.10 to dCache 2.13

Gerd Behrmann <>
Millar <>
Marc Caubet <>

About this Document

The dCache golden release upgrade guides aim to make migrating between golden releases easier by compiling all important information into a single document. The document is based on the release notes of versions 2.10, 2.11, 2.12 and 2.13. In contrast to the release notes, the guide ignores minor changes and is structured more along the lines of functionality groups rather than individual services.

Although the guide aims to collect all information required to upgrade from dCache 2.10 to 2.13, there is information in the release notes not found in this guide. The reader is advised to at least have a brief look at the release notes found at

There are plenty of changes to configuration properties, default values, log output, admin shell commands, admin shell output, etc. If you have scripts that generate dCache configuration, issue shell commands, or parse the output of shell commands or log files, then you should expect that these scripts need to be adjusted. This document does not list all those changes.

About this Release

dCache 2.13 is the sixth golden (long term support) release of dCache. The release will be supported at least until summer 2017. This is the recommended release for the second LHC run.

As always, the amount of changes between this and the previous golden release is staggering. We have tried to make the upgrade process as smooth as possible, while at the same time moving the product forward. This means that we try to make dCache backwards compatible with the previous golden release, but not at the expense of changes that we believe improve dCache in the long run.

The most visible change when upgrading is that most configuration properties have been renamed, and some have changed default values. Many services have been renamed, split, or merged. These changes require work when upgrading, even though most of them are cosmetic - they improve the consistency of dCache and thus ease the configuration, but those changes do not fundamentally affect how dCache works.

dCache pools from version 2.10 can be mixed with services from dCache 2.13. This enables a staged roll-out in which non-pool nodes are upgraded to 2.13 first, followed by pools later. It is however recommended to upgrade to the latest version of 2.10 before performing a staged roll-out. [→ NEEDS TO BE REVISED]

Upgrading directly from versions prior to 2.10 is not officially supported. If you run versions before 2.10, we recommend upgrading to 2.10 first. That is not to say that upgrading directly to 2.13 is not possible, but we have not explicitly tested nor documented such an upgrade path.

Downgrading after upgrade is not possible without manual intervention: In particular database schemas have to be rolled back before downgrade. If pools use the Berkeley DB meta data back-end, these need to be converted to the file back-end before downgrading and then back to the Berkeley DB back-end after downgrade.

Executive summary

Highlights from dCache release 2.13:

Highlights introduced on dCache 2.11:

Highlights introduced on dCache 2.12:

Highlights introduced on dCache 2.13:



This section describes renamed, collapsed, split, and removed services. A summary of the changes is contained in the following table.


Configuration / Remark


New admin interface. Add '-s legacy' to use old method.


Service removed


Service removed


Service removed


JGlobus for TLS. Support for multiple httpd instances.





It has been renamed to “spacemanager”

Removed Services

BroadCast Service

Broadcast service replaced by publish-subscribe messaging

The broadcast service is no longer supported and must be removed from the layout file on upgrade.

The functionality of the broadcast service have been replaced by an integrated multicast ability in the cell messaging system. Sending cells publish messages on a common topic while receiving cells subscribe to these topics. The topic is a regular cell address and is analogous to a multicast group in networking. This cell address is not bound to any particular cell. Instead the new TOPIC route directs messages published to a topic to all subscribers.

The system is transparent and does not require any configuration.

LoginBroker service

LoginBroker service replaced by publish-subscribe messaging

The loginbroker service is no longer supported. This service acted as a directory service for doors and was used by srm, info, and httpd to find doors. The functionality has been replaced by publish-subscribe messaging.

To control which doors are used by srm, httpd and the info provider, a new tag system has been introduced. Doors may be tagged by setting the *.loginbroker.tags property, and the consuming services may in turn filter doors by those tags. E.g. will only use doors that has one of the tags defined by srm.protocols.tags.

By default, the srm service only uses doors tagged as srm and the info-provider only publishes doors tagged as glue. By default, all doors are tagged as both srm and glue.

As part of this change, both the publishing and consuming services have been extended with several new lb commands. Doors can dynamically change the tags they publish, as well as stop publishing read or write capabilities (thus preventing SRM from using those doors). Similarly, consuming services like srm have been extended with commands to list collected information about doors:

lb disable [-read] [-write]  # suspend publishing capabilities
lb enable [-read] [-write]  # resume publishing capabilities
lb ls [-l] [-protocol=<string>]<...>  # list collected login broker information
lb set tags <tags><...>  # set published tags
lb set threshold <load>  # set threshold load for OOB updates
lb set update <seconds>  # set login broker update frequency
lb update # refresh login broker information

Dir service

dir service removed → DCAP directory service is auto instantiated

The dir service used by DCAP to provide directory listing has been removed. The corresponding cell is now automatically instantiated whenever a DCAP door is created. Upon upgrade, the dir service must be removed from the layout file.

Other removed services

Support for JMS removed

Several years ago, an alternative messaging system based on the Java Messaging Services specification was introduced in dCache. This allowed external message brokers like ActiveMQ and OpenMQ to be used with dCache. This feature never caught on and we have removed all support for JMS.

Support for Terracotta removed

The srm service has supported a load-balancing system called Terracotta. This system supported running multiple SRM instances in a load-balancing setup. To our knowledge, this system has never been utilized by any site, and our internal evaluation showed that the overhead was relatively large. To avoid wasting developer resources on an unused feature, all support for Terracotta has been removed

'dcache import' command removed

Since certificates no longer need to be imported into Java Keystore files, the dcache import commands have been removed from the dcache script.

DataNucleus property file inaccessible

The DataNucleus property file for low level database configuration is no longer exposed. The configuration properties alarms.db.datanucleus-properties.path, billing.db.config.path, and httpd.alarms.db.config.path are obsolete.

What's new

Changes affecting several services

Site description property

There are several places where dCache provides a short, human-readable description of this dCache instance or where this would make sense: the info-provider, the webdav directory listing and the webadmin interface. This release introduces the dcache.description property that is used as a default in these places.

Short session strings

FTP, WebDAV and NFS doors now use BASE–64 encoding for the session counter. For such doors, sessions have the form door:<cell>@<domain>:<counter>. The <counter> part used to be base–10 encoded (i.e., a normal integer number). This part is now a base–64 number. The result is shorter log lines and billing entries.

Improved shutdown

When a dCache domain shuts down, it asks each cell in turn to stop. As a backup procedure, dCache will wait up to one second for all threads associated with that cell to terminate before explicitly interrupting any of that cell’s remaining threads. The dcache stop command, which triggers the domain shutdown, will wait up to ten seconds for the domain to finish shutting down. After this, it kills the java process outright. Therefore domain shutdown must finish before this deadline to achieve a clean shutdown.

The shutdown procedure of several services (billing, httpd, loginbroker, pool, poolmanager, replica) have been improved by explicitly stopping background activity. Previous versions of dCache before 2.11 relied on dCache’s backup procedure for terminating left-over activity. By explicity stopping background activity, shutting down each of these services can now take less than one second.

Shutting down the pnfsmanager service has also improved. It is now faster, cleaner and safer. Previously, pnfsmanager also relied on the backup procedure to terminate on-going activity; this was unfortunate not only because it slowed down the shutdown but also that such activity could attempt to use the database after the database connection pool was stopped. This could result in errors being logged and risked partial processing of requests. This was fixed on dCache 2.11.

When shutting down services that use a thread-pool for processing messages (gplazma, pinmanager, pool, srm), the shutdown sequence now ensures all threads have stopped before closing resources. As with pnfsmanager, previous versions of dCache risked concurrent activity continuing after database connections have been stopped. This is now fixed.

Improved HTTP services

Jetty is the web-server framework used by the webdav, httpd and srm services. In HTTP 1.1, a network connection is kept open unless the client explicitly requests it be closed. To the user, subsequent requests appear to be processed faster as there is no overhead from establishing a new TCP connection and SSL/TLS/GSI context.

Before dCache version 2.11, each HTTP connection occupies a thread, even when waiting for the client to send the next request. Such occupied threads, cannot process requests from other clients. This made tuning dCache for optimum performance difficult: many clients connected but not issuing requests will result in high memory usage, but reducing this number can impact on the server’s ability to handle concurrent requests. Safe configurations will likely lead to dCache under performing under high load. With v2.11 and above, dCache will free up the thread while waiting for the client’s next request, making it easier to obtain optimum performance.

A separate improvement is that dCache reacts better when faced with many clients attempting to connect at (nearly) the same time.

In HTTP 1.1, if the client decides to keep the connection open, the server may still close it later on. In dCache, the policy is to close any connection that remains idle for too long. Idle means no traffic flowing in either direction; either dCache is waiting for the next client request or the client is waiting for dCache’s response.

By default, srm service will close connections after one minute of inactivity; the webdav service will close idle connections after five minutes of inactivity; and, for httpd service, connections are closed after 30 seconds of inactivity. These idle timeouts may be adjusted through dCache configuration properties.

Jetty also has the concept of being low on resources. This is triggered when all request processing threads are active and there are more clients waiting to connect; for example, when many clients attempting to connect at (more or less) the same time.

When Jetty detects it is low on resources, it can react by reducing the timeout for idle connections. By more aggressively closing idle connections, the service can “degrade gracefully” when faced with a sudden inrush of client connections; the users experience only a slight delay in receiving replies as the necessary resources are quickly freed. The srm and webdav services reduce idle connection to 20 seconds and 30 seconds respectively, whereas httpd does not react.

In previous versions of dCache, when low on resources, the more aggressive idle-disconnection policy would affect only new connections; the existing idle connections would enjoy longer timeouts. With dCache v2.11+, all SRM or WebDAV connections experience the reduced idle-connection threshold.

Improved deletion speed

The database updates needed to delete a file has been reduced, making deletions faster. The effect is most pronounced if the file contained many non-empty levels. This affects the pnfsmanager and nfs services.

Unified mover timeout handling in doors

Doors have several timeouts related to starting a mover on a pool, however the precise semantics were not unified. With this version, all doors use common timeout concepts for pool selection, mover creation and mover queuing.

Unique FTP and DCAP cell names

DCAP and FTP doors instantiate a cell per client connection. The names of these cells are formed by concanating the door’s name with a counter. This counter used to reset on every restart. With this release, the names are derived from a time stamp and with high property the names are unique accross restarts. To reduce the length of the names, the counter is base 64 encoded.

Shorter session identifiers

Most log messages include a session identifier and link all log messages generated by a common user session. These session identifiers are usually formed by combining a cell name with a counter. For FTP and DCAP doors this lead to session identifiers with two counters, resulting in needlessly long identifiers. With this release such redundancy is avoided.

Default FTP internal network interface changed

FTP doors can act as proxies for the data channel between pools and clients. When establishing such a proxy, the FTP door listens for a connection from the pool. Before, the interface the door would listen on on multi-homed hosts would default to the interface the FTP client connected over. Since the client connection has no relationship to which network pools are accessible from, this release changes the door such that it listens to the interface to which the host name resolves. Like before, the default can be overriden by setting the property.

loginbroker and SRM gain IPv6 support

The loginbroker service acts as a registry for doors and their network interfaces.

With this release, doors register both IPv4 and IPv6 interfaces with their loginbrokers. The discovery of network interfaces is now dynamic such that interfaces that disappear or appear after a door is started will be removed from or added to the registration in the loginbrokers.

Doors now also accept a hostname or FQDN for their *.net.listen property. When registering with a loginbroker, both the name and the resolved IP address is published. The info-provider and the SRM will use this name rather than doing a reverse lookup on the IP address as they did before. If an IP address is used in the configuration, it is the door than now performs a reverse lookup.

The SRM will prefer a TURL that retains the protocol family the SRM client used. That is, for an IPv6 client an IPv6 TURL is preferred, and for an IPv4 client an IPv4 TURL is preferred. The SRM will fall back to the other protocol family if necessary. Note however that TURLs still contain the host name as published by the doors.

Compress events logs

Event logs are a debugging feature that record low-level events in an easy to parse format. Event logs are disabled by default. If enabled, the logs are rotated daily and starting with this release the rotated logs are automatically compressed.

Localized time stamps in pinboard log

Timestamps in the in-memory pinboard log used to follow a 12 hour format. The format has now been localized, meaning it will follow the conventions of the current local.

Renamed and improved wait-for-cells script

The wait-for-cells script uses the info service to determine whether the supplied list of cells is currently running. If not, the script will wait a defined period for the cells to appear before terminating with an error. This release improces the script, strips the .sh suffix and moves it to /usr/sbin/.

Improved bash completion script

The script implementing bash completion for the dcache command has been extended and now supports all sub-commands.

Updated third party libraries

A large number of third party libraries have been updated. The improvements in those libraries are too many to list here, although it many cases not immediately apparent when using dCache.

Increase precision of timing gauges

The precision of timing gauges used by services like srm and pnfsmanager has been improved.

Admin changes

Admin shell got major face lift

The admin shell has been reworked entirely. We have taken several design cues from the PostgreSQL shell,l psql, that most dCache admins are familiar with.

Most notably, the command set is syntactically divided into built-in commands affecting the shell itself and commands sent to connected dCache cells. The former are all prefixed with a backslash while the latter are not. This syntactic separation means that the shell commands are available at any time, even when connected to a cell. E.g. the cd command got replaced by \c, allowing one to connect to a different cell without first having to disconnect from the current cell. Thus there is no need for a .. command.

The shell provides built-in help for the shell commands using \?. This help is separate from the regular help output of the connected cell. The latter is available using the new \h command (the classic help command still works, but will not provide color highlighting).

All built-in shell commands provide full tab completion, including for the arguments. E.g. \c provides tab completion on the cell name; it will complete on all well-known cells, all local cells of the domain of the connected cell, and on domain names of fully qualified addresses.

The new \l command lists cells. By default it lists well known cells and cells of the domain of the connected cell. Wildcards for fully qualified addresses however match all cells, e.g. \l p*@* lists all cells starting with the letter p (\l p*@ is a shorthand for the same); and \l *@fooBar lists all cells of domain fooBar (with the shorthand \l @fooBar).

As part of the face lift, both the shell prompt and the welcome message got updated. The prompt is partially configurable using the new admin.prompt property.

The old shell provided several utility commands at the "root" level. These commands are no longer supported, but most of them can be mimicked using some of the new commands introduced.

We provide a brief summary of the new commands in the tables below, as well as a comparison of the old and new commands.

Cell address wildcards




Fully qualified cell address.


Well known cell.


All cells matching GLOB in domain.


All cells called cell in any domain matching GLOB.


Short for cell@*, i.e. any cell called cell in any domain.


Short for *@domain, i.e. any cell in the domain called domain.


Short for *@*, i.e. any cell in the entire system.


Source routed cell path. The asterix is not a wildcard!

Admin shell commands illustrated




Show a summary of shell commands.

\? CMD

Show help of shell command CMD.


Show a summary of commands of connected cell.

\h CMD

Show help of command CMD of connected cell.


Connect to well-known cell.


Connect to fully qualified cell.


Connect to cell as user.


List all well-known cells and cells local to the currently connected domain.


List all cells matching the cell wildcard.


Quit shell.


Send CMD to cell.


Send CMD to cell1 and cell2.


Send CMD to all cells matching the cell wildcard.

\sn CMD

Send CMD to pnfs manager (name space).

\sp CMD

Send CMD to pool manager.


Send CMD to all pools containing the file described by PATH.


Send CMD to all pools containing the file described by PATH.

Keyboard shortcuts




Interrupt currently running command.


Quit shell.


Search history.


Complete command or argument.



What it does

\s System@ kill System

Restart all domains.

\sl /path/to/file rep ls $1

List all replicas of the file.

\sl /path/to/file rep rm $1

Remove all removable replicas of the file.

\sl /path/to/file rep set sticky -o=me -l=60000 $1

Add a 60s sticky bit owner by me to all replicas of the file.

\sn cacheinfoof /path/to/file

Get cache locations of the file.

\sn cacheinfoof /path/to/file

Get cache locations of the file.

Replacements for legacy commands




flags ls file

\sn flags ls file

Output format is different.

flags remove file key

\sn flags remove file -key

flags set file key value

\sn flags set file -key=value


modify poolmode enable pool[,pool]

\s pool,[pool] pool enable

modify poolmode disable pool[,pool][code [message]] [options]

\s pool,[pool] pool disable [code [message]][options]

p2p pnfsid source target

\s source migration cache -pnfsid=pnfsid target

p2p pnfsid

\sp replicate pnfsid localhost

The new form is non-blocking.

pnfs map path

\sn pnfsidof path

quota query

repinfoof file

\sl file rep ls $1

Output format is different.

set deletable pnfsid

\sn flags set pnfsid -d=true
\sl pnfsid ret set cached $1

Note that neither form touches the sticky bit.

set sticky file

\sl file rep set sticky $1 on

set sticky pnfsid -target=pool

\s pool rep set sticky pnfsid on

No equivalent command when using path.

set unsticky file

\sl file rep set sticky $1 off

set unsticky pnfsid -target=pool

\s pool rep set sticky pnfsid off

No equivalent command when using path.

uncache file

\sl file rep rm -force $1

uncache pnfsid -target=pool

\s pool rep rm -force pnfsid

No equivalent command when using path.

Admin shell provides better scripting support

The new admin shell detects whether it is connected to a pseudo terminal. If it isn't, it typically means the input and output are redirected such as when connecting from a script. In this case the admin shell disables all styling: No welcome message, no prompt, no echo, no color highlighting, no command history. This makes it much easier to script the admin shell.

Admin shell supports Ctrl-C

The Ctrl-C key combination may now be used to unblock the shell and make it available to read the next command. The default timeout has been increased to 5 minutes as pressing Ctrl-C is now preferred.

Note that pressing Ctrl-C does not actually cancel the execution of the command. The key combination merely cause the shell to stop waiting for the result.

Admin shell automatically creates history file

Admin shell has had support for persistent command history for a long time. This feature was however only enabled if one manually created the file used to store the command history. This file is now created automatically if it doesn't exist.

New legacy subsystem provides compatibility with old scripts

To support old scripts, the old shell is available as the legacy ssh subsystem. One can connect to this subsystem by adding the -s legacy option to the ssh command line.

We do however recommend that scripts are updated to use the new shell.

Admin no longer hard-codes cell addresses

Several new properties allow communication details to be configured:





Many admin shell commands now accept hex and octal values

Many admins shell commands now accept hexadecimal and octal numeric arguments. Hexdecimal arguments must be prefixed by 0x and octal arguments by 0.

Improved pcells compatibility

Several changes have been made to simplify maintaining compatibility with the pcells GUI. As part of these changes, the admin service now redirects pcells requests to the appropriate dCache cell, allowing pcells to be used even if pnfsmanager, poolmanager or spacemanager use non-default names.

Improved cell message communication

The internal cell communication has been heavily restructured. Most of these changes are internal and - except for maybe minor latency improvements - are invisible to the user. There are however also several bug fixes to corner cases, as well as improvements in logging and routing failure handling. One may observe more routing errors being logged; such errors happened in previous versions too, but were not always logged.

Several changes to the message routing logic were made. These changes mostly affect non-default topologies, enabling use cases not possible in previous versions. When matured, these use cases will be documented separately.

Route maintenance logic has been updated. The most immediately observable changes are the new output format of the route command in the System cell, the fact that route deletion requires the full route to be specified, and that duplicate routes are allowed (messages are routed through the first route that matches).

Admin ping command provides RTT

The ping command in the System cell is now blocking and measures the round trip time.

Webadmin HTML contains dCache version

The webadmin now includes a meta tag reporting the dCache version.

Webadmin features improved navigation bar

The navigation bar now disables the links to disabled pages.

Webadmin no longer exports the info service

The info service can no longer be access through webadmin. The info service is still exposed through the /info path of the httpd service and this is the preferred interface for scripts and other services to query the info service.

Updated httpd service configuration

The httpd service has been heavily refactored. The set update command that was lost in previous releases is once again exposed in the admin shell. The arguments to the set webappcommand have changed, which means that sites having a custom httpd.conf file likely have to adjust the configuration on update.

The httpd.container.webapps.tmp-dir property is obsolete as WAR files are no longer unpacked.

SpaceManager changes

Robust flush notification for spacemanager

Similar to the delete notification, the unreliable flush notification previously sent by pools was replaced by a reliable notification from pnfsmanager. The new controls whether these notifications are sent. One consequence is that if spacemanager is down, flush to tape will halt.

dCache expects spacemanager by default

The defaults have changed such that it is assumed that space reservations are supported unless explicitly disabled. In other words, the property now defaults to true.

This change has been made because it is a safer default. In a system without space management, forgetting to set the above property to false simply results in a non-functioning system. In a system with space management, forgetting to set this property to true results in lost notifications, causing silent database inconsistencies. Thus true is the safer default.

Sites without space manager will have to set to false on all doors and other head nodes.

As before, one has to have a spacemanager instance in the layout file to support space reservations. The change in defaults is merely whether the rest of dCache expects space manager to be running or not.

Space manager has been renamed

The default space manager name has been changed to SpaceManager. In previous versions, the default was SrmSpaceManager, but since the space manager service is independent of the SRM service, this name was misleading. For compatibility, a temporary alias was added to allow the admin service to use both names.

Space manager supports less intrusive link group update command

The space manager update link groups command no longer blocks the space manager while the link groups are updated. The command returns once the updated information is being used.

Improved shutdown logic in space manager

If space manager discards requests during shutdown, the requesting service is now notified about the discarded messages. This allows for faster recovery after a space manager service restart.

Space manager provides better select failures

Space manager now provides better error messages when unable to find a suitable link group of write pool. It also provides better error code to distinguish permission and configuration errors from other errors. Doors like DCAP, NFS and FTP make use of these error codes to decide whether to retry requests or which error codes to send to clients.

Space manager changes authorization policy for unowned reservations

In previous releases, unowned reservations could be released by anybody. Since this is unlikely to be desirable, this release changes the semantics such that reservations without an owner can only be released by the admin.

Link group authorization by GID

The link group authorization file now supports authorization by GID. This allows space manager to be use with anonymous protocols like plain DCAP, plain xrootd and plain NFS.

Transfermanager changes

Transfer Manager service removes runtime database configuration

The admin commands set dbUrl, set dbUser and set dbpass have been dropped.

Transfer Manager changes

Transfer Manager now generates IDs based on the current time rather than by taking the next SRM request ID. This means the transfermanagers service no longer needs access to the SRM database.

InfoProvider changes

Info provider supports configurable service names

The names of the pinmanager and poolmanager services used by the info provider are now configurable.

Info provider generates timestamp attributes

Info provider now adds a GLUE2EntityCreationTime attribute to all the GLUE 2 entities it creates.

Network interface scope published

The info service enumerates the network interfaces of all doors. Previously these interfaces were ordered to list an external interface first. With this release, the scope of the interface (e.g. global, site local, link local, etc). is included instead.

The info-provider is updated to make use of the scope to only publish global network interface and to export all of them.

PinManager changes

Pinmanager provides better error messages

Pin manager now distinguishes between several different causes for failing to pin a file.

PoolManager & Pool changes

Pool migration module maintains last access time

The new -atime option to the migration commands allow migrated files to keep the original access time. This allows the garbage collection order to be maintained.

Pool garbage collector implements strict LRU

Previous versions of the sweeper implemented an approximation of least-recently-used (LRU). Starting with version 2.13 it implements real LRU.

New pool safe-guards in case of repository errors

Additional safe guards to automatically disable a pool in case of fatal errors have been added. A pool will now also stop flushing files to tape if it has been marked dead.

Better HTTP error handling in pools

Previous versions would disconnect the client on every error. Starting with version 2.13, the pool will try to keep the connection alive.

Pool Berkeley DB meta data format change

The Berkeley DB library used by pools for meta data has been upgraded. The update is forward compatible in that the new version can read the old meta data. However once upgraded, the pool cannot be downgraded to previous versions. If a downgrade is required, the meta data needs to first be converted to the file backend before the downgrade, and then back to the db backend after the downgrade.

Asynchronous pool selection

Pool selection requests in doors may now be asynchronous, meaning the door does not need to maintain a thread for the duration of pool selection. This is currently only utilized by the FTP door.

Pool improvements

Some pool error messages have been expanded slightly to give some contextual information and to distinguish between otherwise identical errors.

The migration module is idempotent, which means running the same command twice has the same affect as running it once, assuming no pool has gone offline between running the command. While being idempotent is a useful feature, sometimes one might want multiple copies of a file, which simply running the migration module command multiple times does not achieve.

From dCache v2.11, the migration module commands now support the -replicas option. This allows the admin to specify the desired number of replicas. The pool will then create that number of replicas sequentially.

Previously, the HSM interface processed all HSM requests sequentially: one at a time, using a single core. This is particularly bad for staging requests as preparing the pool for the staged file may require IO. From dCache 2.11, the HSM now processes requests concurrently, which allows CPU and IO activity to overlap and spreads this load over multiple cores.

The output from admin commands rh ls, st ls and rm ls are now sorted by creation time.

Previously, just before a pool starts accepting a new file, it will request the expected checksum from pnfsmanager. In the majority of cases there is no checksum, so this slows down dCache. From dCache 2.11, this step is skipped; uploads are now (slightly) faster. A client may still supply the file’s checksum prior to upload (using FTP) and dCache will verify the checksum once the upload has completed.

Pool HSM commands provide helpful error messages

Thanks to Onno Zweers from SARA for contributing a patch that allows the hsm set and hsm unset commands to provide more helpful error messages.

Automatic gap calculation for small pools

Pools have a gap setting that reduces the risk of running out of space during uploads. Once less space than the gap is free, pools will no longer accept new files. In previous releases, small pools less than the size of the default gap would be inaccessible, often leading to confusion during testing. With this release, small pools automatically reduce the gap.

Improved nearline storage SPI

The nearline storage service provider interface has been enhanced to allow nearline storage drivers to query the logical path of a file being flushed. The interface has also been extended such that it is easier to report error codes on failures.

The packaging of the SPI has been changed to make it easier to develop third party drivers without having to depend on the entire dCache code base.

Improved network interface selection in pools

The logic used to select a network interface for a transfer has been improved. This in particular affects partially multi-stacked installations.

Consistent csm info output

With this release, the output format of the csm info command in pools is consistent with the option values of the csm set command.

Updated default checksum policy for new pools

Newly created pools now default to on-transfer checksumming rather than on-write. For large files, the on-write checksum policy often leads to timeouts and throughput issues.

The on-restore policy is now enabled by default.

Explicit port range for xrootd and http movers

The new configuration properties pool.mover.http.port.{min,max} and pool.mover.xrootd.port.{min,max} allow the port range for HTTP and xrootd to be controlled.

Precomputed repository statistics

The pool rep ls -s command used to recalculated per storage group statistics on every invocation. For large pools this was quite slow, leading to timeouts in the admin shell and in the statistics service. With this release the result is precomputed.

Much improved support for control channel free protocols

dCache was born with protocols having seperate control channel and data channels. This has proven to be challenge for protocols like HTTP and xrootd that do not maintain a control channel to the door for the duration of the transfer. In previous releases, there was no way for clients using these protocols to know whether post-processing failed or when it completed. Thus a client would be unaware of e.g. checksum failures or failures to register a file in Chimera, and a client that queried the door directly after it completed uploading would typically be met with an error.

Starting with this release, xrootd and http uploads will block until post-processing has completed. Any errors are propagated back to the client by the pool, and once the client is disconnected, it is guaranteed that the file is fully registered in Chimera.

Reduced memory consumption in pools with Berkeley DB backend

The memory consumption of pools using the Berkeley DB backend has been drastically reduced. The on-disk representation is unchanged.

Pool manager drops obsolete configuration command

The obsolete psu set linkGroup attribute command has been removed. The command had no effect. Sites are encouraged to check the pressence of this command in their poolmanager.conf file before updating. If pressent, the command can be removed by running save in the poolmanager service.

Chimera / NameSpace changes

pnfsmanager improvements

As part of the general shutdown improvements, during shutdown the pnfsmanager service will reject all queued requests and return a “No Route To Cell” error. Requests that pnfsmanager has started processing are given 500 ms to complete before being forcefully terminated. This improvement was introduced in dCache 2.11.

Chimera cleans old leaked tag inodes upon upgrade

A bug in Chimera caused tag inodes to be leaked upong directory deletion. The bug was fixed in 2.10, however to reduce the impact of the fix, already leaked inodes were not deleted. When upgrading to 2.13, such inodes are automatically removed. Depending on the number of tag inodes, this procedure may take a while (from minutes to hours).

As always, if an nfs service has been placed ahead of the pnfsmanager service in a domain, the database schema update has to be triggered manually by running dcache database update before starting dCache.

Chimera relaxes permission checks on stat

In compliance with POSIX, Chimera no longer requires execute permissions for the containing directory to stat a file.

Name space services provides timing gauges for Chimera calls

The info command of the pnfsmanager service has been extended to provide timing information for Chimera calls.

Chimera file attribute access optimized

This release optimizes how file attributes are updated in Chimera. This change reduces database load and latency on such updates.

Permission checks have been altered to always allow the owner of a file to update its attributes.

In previous releases, the last access time in Chimera was updated by pools when a pool is accessed. With this release, the atime is maintained by doors. Besides being a more correct implementation of atime, the new implementation is faster.

Alarms changes

Embeddable alarms service

Threading issues preventing the alarm service from running in the same domain as other services have been corrected so that it is now safe to do so. Two new properties have been added:

Number of worker threads for processing incoming logging events.
Only store alarms to the persistent store

Alarms service improvements

During the transition from 2.10 to 2.13, the alarms service has received substantial improvements. Most relevant improvements were performed on dCache 2.11.

A domain may now host both the alarm service and other services. As a consequence, the alarm-specific logback-server.xml file (located in the /var/lib/dcache/alarms/ directory for RPM packages) has been removed. As log messages generated by the alarm service are handled in the same fashion as other services, the service.log file has also been removed.

Alarm definitions are now either predefined or custom. Predefined alarms are automatically generated within dCache without requiring a match against some regular expression; these are the alerts defined by the dCache developers. Custom alarms are those that are must match some regular expressions; these are defined by the admin and are comparable to the alarms defined in earlier dCache releases.

All predefined alarms are sent at the ERROR level, so it is not necessary to set dcache.log.level.remote to below this level for the alarm service to receive all predefined alarms. It may still be necessary to adjust this property if custom alarms match against messages logged at a lower threshold. While this is supported, the same performance caveats exist as with earlier releases.

It is no longer necessary to mirror the alarms-custom-definitions.xml file between the alarms and httpd services. However, when using XML storage, the requirement to provide some shared storage between the nodes hosting alarm and httpd services continues.

The structure of the custom alarm definition or filter has been simplified. It now consists only of the following elements:

  1. type name

  2. keyWords

  3. regex

  4. regexFlags

  5. matchException

  6. depth

Note that the predefined Severity level, along with logger and thread ids, have been removed as filter attributes.

When an alarm fires, it is assigned one of four priorities (these replace the severity concept in earlier versions). In decending order, these are critical, high, moderate and low. By default, all alarms have critical priority. This default priority may be altered in the admin interface and individual alarms may be assigned a lower priority through the priority map.

The priority map is stored in the file, which is located in the /var/lib/dcache/alarms directory in RPM packages. The priority map may be adjusted either by editing this file directly (and requesting dCache reloading it) or via the admin interface.

Note that, while there is still a Severity column in the database, it is no longer used.

The previous dCache shell commands to add, modify, remove and send alerts are still present. Their options have been modified slightly to reflect changes in this release. There is a new dcache alarm list command. This lists all predefined alarms.

The alarm service is now a well-known cell by default.

The alerts admin commands have been extended to allow creating custom alerts and assigning priority to alerts. The commands predefined ls and send have also been added to the admin interface; these behave as the similarly named dcache shell commands.

The optional alarm cleaner daemon now runs as part of the alarms service, not in the httpd service. The default values for its properties have been moved from to and renamed accordingly.

There are a number of new and modified alarms properties which are documented in the defaults file. Most significant of these are those for enabling email notification, which no longer requires direct editing of logback configuration files.

The alarms web page is basically the same, except that the “Severity” label has been replaced by “Priority”. That filter choice affects only alarms and not unmarked logging events. Since this is not a schema attribute, it is not reflected in the actual table, but alarms will be sorted there by priority first.

Billing changes

The billing service no longer logs a warning on shutdown. This change was performed on dCache 2.11. The billing log format has been extended to allow InfoMessage log entries to include the session identifier. This is particularly useful when understanding which SRM session is responsible for billing entries. The default format is not altered, so sites must adjust their configuration to include session information.


The startup time for the different dcache billing commands has been reduced.

GPlazma changes

Update gPlazma Login result printer to use a human-friendly label rather than a dot-separated-number for the SHA–512-with-RSA algorithm.

The kpwd plugin, which supports the proprietary kpwd-format files, has been updated to support multiple gids. Users with multiple gids have a comma-separated list of gids instead of the single gid value, with the primary gid the first gid in the list. A comma-separated list of gids is valid for both login and password lines.

Info changes

The info-provider groups together pools that GLUE can report together for storage accounting. Such groups are called Normalized Access Storages (NASes). Previously, info tried to group pools as much as possible, which leads to confusion over the names. Now, a NAS represents all the pools accessible by the same set of links.

Replica Manager changes

Replica manager now correctly shuts down the database connection pool when dCache is shutting down the domain.

Door Changes

SRM service

Timing gauges support asynchronous processing

The srm provides gauges for measuring the executing time of various request. Some of these requests are asynchronous and as a result appeared to be much faster than they really are. The gauges have now been extended to support asynchronous processing and the measured time now reflects the true processing time of such request.

Scoped door selection in SRM

From dCache release 2.12, the SRM tries to take where the client connected from into account when it selects a door.

The selection logic has been modified such that it will select a network interface with the smallest possible scope as big as the scope of the interface the client connected over. E.g. if the client connected on a network interface with global scope, the SRM will select a door with global scope. If the client connected over a site local interface, the SRM will prefer a door with a site-local interface, but will fall back to selecting an interface with global scope if necessary.

SRM enables history logging by default

The SRM supports writing a detailed log of all request state changes to the SRM database. This information is very valuable when one wants to reconstruct the events related to a transfer, for instance, when debugging why a particular transfer failed.

In previous releases this feature was disabled by default due to fear that it would overload the SRM database. Recent releases have however improved database performance in SRM to the point that we now change to enabling history logging by default.

At the same time we changed the default for when data is persistet to the database. This means that although all state transitions are by default recorded in the database, the database is not necessarily updated upon every state transition. This further reduces the database overhead of history logging.

Site specific srmPing attributes

The SRM protocol allows the srmPing reply to contain site specific key-value pairs. With this release, custom key-value pairs may be added in the dCache configuration using the properties.

srmGetSpaceTokens results are cached by SRM service

Clients such as FTS query the available space tokens prior to every upload. This used to cause a query message to be sent to the spacemanager service every time, with spacemanager querying its database. Since the list rarely changes, this release introduces a short-lived cache for this information.

srm DB improvements

The srm service now includes a self-throttling behaviour when clients make more requests that the database can cope with. Previously to dCache 2.11, when overloaded, all database updates were dropped and a message like Persistence of request <request> skipped, queue is too long is logged. The result is that the database could hold incomplete or inaccurate information about SRM activity.

Such inaccuracy was acceptable as the database was used for debugging information. However, with the adoption of a separate upload directory and some support for recovering user activity after a restart, this is no longer true. Moreover, such debugging information is likely very useful when understanding any unexpected behaviour during an overload situation, so needs to have some accuracy in particular under such conditions.

SRM database updates naturally fall into two types: major and minor. Major updates record new requests and transitions to a final state (SUCCESS, FAILURE, CANCELLED); minor updates record changes to some non-final state. In an overload situation, minor updates may be dropped but major updates will always be processed. If necessary, processing the SRM request will be delayed so that major updates are stored. This has a secondary effect of creating a back-pressure on clients, slowing them down and allowing the srm service to recover.

The admin command ls and ls completed have been refactored. There is now a single command ls that accepts the option -completed=<n> to limit the number of completed operations.

Closing SRM connections

With the adoption of Jetty v9, the GSI implementation has been rewritten to use Java’s built-in SSL support in a more direct fashion. The most immediate effect of this is that, by default, the shutdown sequence of SSL and GSI connections has changed. Before, the server would simply close its end of the network connection; now, the server issues a CLOSE alert that notifies the client of the impending close before closing its end of the connection.

Sending a CLOSE alert is part of the SSL v3 and subsequent TLS protocol specifications. Previous versions of dCache were in error by not sending such alerts.

Although most SSL/TLS clients expect the CLOSE alert, the dCache SRM clients (prior to v2.10.7) considers any alert as an indicator that the operation has failed. Depending on the client configuration, it might or might not retry the operation several times if this happens. In either case, the return code and output will reflect a failed operation, whereas the operation may have succeeded.

This has been fixed with SRM-client release v2.10.7: this version accepts the CLOSE alert but does not require it. It is compatible with dCache v2.11 and earlier versions.

To allow a smooth transition, dCache includes the srm.enable.legacy-close configuration property. When set to true (the default) the srm service will close connections without first issuing the CLOSE alert, in keeping with previous dCache behaviour.

Future versions of dCache will change the default and eventually remove this option. Therefore sites are invited to upgrade their clients.

WebDAV service

Support for multiple httpd instances

With the improved pcells decoupling from dCache, it is now possible to have several httpd services in the same dCache instance. One needs to give each a unique name, but that's the only configuration tweak needed.

httpd uses JGlobus for certificate handling

When hosting the webadmin service, httpd supports HTTP over TLS. dCache now uses JGlobus for TLS, or more specifically, for the certificate handling required for TLS. The immediate consequence is that one no longer has to import host and CA certificates into a Java Keystore file. The httpd service can now read those directly from your /etc/grid-security directory.

WebDAV doors always use JGlobus for https

The WebDAV door previously had the choice of two different https implementations: The plain https setting would use Java’s TLS implementation, while the https-jglobus setting would use the TLS implementation for JGlobus.

In recent years, the two choices actually both used the TLS implementation bundled with Java. The difference between the two was merely how they dealt with certificate handling and internal abstractions. In dCache 2.11, the two code bases were further consolidated to the point that in this release we adopt JGlobus certificate handling for the plain https setting. The https-jglobus setting is deprecated.

One consequence is that the WebDAV door now uses the certificates in /etc/grid-security/ rather than those imported using the dcache import commands.

One of the benefits of the JGlobus certificate handling is that it supports VOMS attributes.

WebDAV door supports parameterised directory templates

The HTML generated by the WebDAV door is cusomizable using a templating language. Starting with this release, configuration properties prefixed with webdav.templates.config are exposed to the template language. Several such properties have been predefined. Consult the information in the file for details.

Sites that have already customized the template will likely have to update the template.

WebDAV blocks access to files being uploaded

When generating a directory listing, the WebDAV door now greys out files that are still being uploaded, preventing the user from clicking a download link that would fail anyway.

Sites that have customized the HTML template will likely have to update the template.

Support for custom HTTP response headers

Support has been added to the webdav door and the pool so that custom HTTP response headers may be configured. To demonstrate this, the Server response header now has the value dCache/<version> where <version> is the installed dCache version.

Robust delete notification for spacemanager, replica, and pinmanager

The spacemanager, replica, and pinmanager services rely on receiving notifications for when files are deleted. Previously, these were sent by both pnfsmanger and cleaner, but both used unreliable notifications. This in particular affected spacemanager: If the spacemanager was shut down while pnfsmanager or cleaner were running, the services could quickly get out of sync, resulting in leaked files in spacemanager.

This notification has now been replaced by a robust notification from cleaner. The deleted file is not removed from the trash table until the receiving services have been notified and have confirmed the notification. Whether the notification is send is controlled by the new and cleaner.enable.replica settings. These settings must be in sync with whether space management or replica management is used in this dCache instance.

It is assumed that every dCache instance has a pinmanager. If you don't have one, the easiest solution is to add this service upon upgrade.

XRootD service

Third party xrootd plugins have to be ported to Netty 4

Any third party channel handler plugin has to be ported to Netty 4 and xrootd4j 2 before it is compatible with dCache 2.12. Please contact the third party vendor for further details.

Information to developers: If you develop channel handler plugins, it is of utmost importance that your plugins do not perform blocking operations on the Netty threads. Any blocking operation has to be offloaded to a thread pool maintained by the plugin. Please contact for details.

Asynchronous open for xrootd

Pool selection in dCache is unbounded in that it may trigger staging from tape or internal replication of files. Yet many xrootd clients have very short timeouts. To avoid that clients time out during staging, dCache xrootd doors now use the asynchronous reply format of the xrootd protocol. In this format, the server immediately responds to an kXR_open request, telling the client that the actual response will be provided asynchronously at some point in the future.

NFS service

NFS door improvements

The NFS door and mover now shows correct units, nanoseconds (ns), when showing performance statistics for the different NFS operations.

The database query used to gather information for df command on an NFS mount has been improved. However, this remains an expensive operation.

nfs4j has been updated, which adds new improvements such as:

NFS doors use NFS to access pool data

An NFS door can act as a data-proxy between the NFS client and the pools. In previous releases, the NFS door internally used the DCAP protocol between the door and pools. Starting with this release, NFS doors use the NFS 4 protocol instead. The use of NFS provides more robust proxy support in case of network failures.

As part of this change, the lifetime of NFS movers has changed.

Additionally, NFS has seen many performance improvements in this release.

New NFS export options

Added a nopnfs export option to doors to force the use of proxy mode.

Added anonuid and anongid to map all accesses to a particular UID and GID, e.g. /data hostA(rw,all_squash,anonuid=17,anongid=18).

New admin commands for NFS service

Previous versions showed information about all transfers, pools and clients as part of its info output. This tended to clutter the output and also caused a lot of unnecessary information to be collected by the info service.

With this release, NFS doors no longer show this information in the info output. Instead that information can be queried using several new admin commands:

show clients [<host>]  # show active NFSv4 clients
show pools [<pool>]  # show pools to pNFS device mapping
show proxyio # show proxy-io transfers
show transfers # show active transfers
New thread pool settings for NFS service

The NFS service provides the following new settings for controlling the message thread pool size:


Further Door Changes

More uniform access logs

Most doors in dCache support generating a so called access log that records any interaction with clients talking to the doors. The logs share many similarities, but used slightly different formatting and attribute nasafmes for the same concepts. This has now been cleaned up. If you developed parsers for the access logs, you most likley have to update these.

Log FTS-specific information

FTS, since v3.2.34, will send the Job-ID, File-ID and retry-count to dCache. Here is an example of this information: job-id=bb62f96e-23da-48c1-bd6f-e0737588733b;file-id=996117;retry=0.

How FTS provides this information varies depending on the protocol. For SRM and WebDAV, a special HTTP header is used; for FTP the information is part of the CLIENTINFO command. In all cases, the information is available in the access log (<domain>.access file).

The following shows FTS sending an SRM prepareToPut command:

level=INFO ts=2015-06-15T09:13:18.035+0200
event=org.dcache.srm.request [...] request.method=srmPrepareToPut
[..] request.token=-2147481808 status.code=SRM_SUCCESS
user-agent="fts_url_copy/3.2.34 gfal2/2.10.0 srm-ifce/1.23.1

The following shows the same information in an FTP session:

level=INFO ts=2015-06-15T09:13:19.769+0200
session=door:GFTP-prometheus-AAUYiTEsOCg command="ENC{SITE
CLIENTINFO scheme=gsiftp;appname=\"fts_url_copy\";appver=\"3.2.34
reply="ENC{250 OK}"

The FTP session identifier (door:GFTP-prometheus-AAUYiTEsOCg in above example) allows discovery of all commands and corresponding responses for this attempt to upload a file.

The inclusion of this information allows correlation of dCache activity against FTS activity, which may prove useful when diagnosing problems.

New threading model for HTTP and xrootd movers

The threading model of HTTP and xrootd movers has changed due to an upgrade to the Netty 4 I/O framework. Socket I/O and disk I/O are now served by the same threads. The pool.mover.http.disk-threads property is deprecated and has been replaced by pool.mover.http.threads. pool.mover.http.socket-threads is marked as forbidden, while pool.mover.http.memory-per-connection and pool.mover.http.memory are marked as obsolete.

Xrootd doors are build on the same Netty I/O frame works as the HTTP and xrootd movers. The upgrade to Netty 4 has caused the xrootd.max-total-memory-size and xrootd.max-channel-memory-size to be obsolete.

On the fly checksum calculation for NFS and xrootd

Both NFS and xrootd uploads now support calculating checksums during upload when enabled in the pool’s checksum policy. This avoids the long pause at the end of the upload that is usually caused by calculating the checksum after the transfer.


Schema Management

Except for the srm and replica services, all databases in dCache are managed through the liquibase schema management library. This now also includes the spacemanager service. The SQL scripts for creating the Chimera schema by hand are no longer shipped with dCache.

Schema changes are automatically applied the first time a service using the schema is started. Such changes may also be applied manually before starting dCache using the dcache database update command. It will update the schemas of all databases used by services configured on the current node.

For even more hands-on schema management, the dcache database showUpdateSQL command was added. It outputs the SQL that would be executed if dcache database update was executed. The emitted SQL may be applied manually to the database, thereby updating the schema.

Before downgrading dCache, it is essential that schema changes are rolled back to the earlier version. This needs to be done before installing the earlier version of dCache. Schema changes can be rolled back using the dcache database rollbackToDate command. It is important to remember the date the schema changes where applied in the first place so that it can be rolled back to the version prior to the upgrade.

NOTE The nfs service does not automatically apply schema changes to Chimera - only the pnfsmanager service does that. nfs will however check whether the Chimera schema is current and refuse to start if not. One consequence of this is that if nfs and pnfsmanager run in the same domain, either nfs must be placed after pnfsmanager in the layout file or the changes must be applied manually using dcache database update.

Schema Changes

New defaults for database names and owners

The defaults for database names are now such that each logical database is stored separately. Except for Chimera, this means that each RDBMS enabled service uses its own database. The default name is that of the service, e.g. srm stores its data in a database called srm, and the spacemanager service stored its data in a database called spacemanager.

The default owner has been changed to dcache for all databases, including Chimera.

New common configuration properties control the defaults for all databases, but per service overrides are of course possible:

#  ---- Default host of RDBMS used by various services.
#   Various services need an RDBMS. Each service is recommended to use its
#   own logical database, but these may or may not be hosted in the same RDBMS
#   instance. This setting defines the host of the RDBMS used.
# = localhost

#  ---- Default RDBMS user account by various services.
dcache.db.user = dcache

#  ---- Default password of RDBMS used by various services.
dcache.db.password =

#  ---- Default password file for RDBMS used by various services.
#   Follows the format of the PostgreSQL pgpass file format. Avoids putting
#   the passwords in the dCache configuration files.
dcache.db.password.file =

Upon upgrade, existing sites should update the settings to match the previous setup: = dcache
srm.db.user = srmdcache = dcache
spacemanager.db.user = srmdcache = dcache
pinmanager.db.user = srmdcache = dcache
transfermanagers.db.user = srmdcache = replicas
replica.db.user = srmdcache = chimera
chimera.db.user = chimera = billing
billing.db.user = srmdcache = alarms
alarms.db.user = srmdcache


Changes on Chimera can be found at Chimera / NameSpace changes.

Also, refer to New defaults for database names and owners for database changes related on Chimera.

Upgrade Procedure


  1. If you use SRM, update to the latest SRM client version available.

  2. Upgrade to the latest patch level release of the dCache release being in use.

  3. Prior to upgrading, run dcache check-config and fix any warnings. Information about properties marked deprecated, obsolete or forbidden in version 2.10 or earlier has been dropped in 2.13. Failing to do this before upgrading will mean that you will not receive warnings or errors for using an old property.

  4. If the node relies on any databases (you may check the output of dcache database ls to recognize the services that do), then tag the current schema version by running dcache database tag dcache-2.10.

  5. If you have installed any third party plugins that offer new services (that you have instantiated in the layout file), then remove these and check with the vendor for updated versions.

  1. Run dcache services and compare the services with the table listing changed services. If any of those services are used, replace them with the suggested alternative after upgrading.

  2. Ensure that Java 8 is installed as your default Java (or unique). Otherwise, please remove/substitute Java 7 & install Java 8.

  3. Install the dCache 2.13 package using your package manager.

  4. Reset /etc/dcache/logback.xml to the default file. How this is done depends on your package manager: Debian will ask during package installation whether you want the new version from the package (say yes). RPM will leave the new version as /etc/dcache/logback.xml.rpmnew and expects you to copy it over.

  5. If you used either head, pool, or single as the layout name, you should check that the package manager hasn't renamed your layout file.

  6. Run dcache check-config. You will receive an error for any forbidden property and a warning for any deprecated or obsolete property. You will receive errors about unrecognized services defined in the layout file. You will also receive information about properties not recognized by dCache - if these are typos, fix them. Fix any errors and repeat.

      As a bare minimum, the following changes commonly have to be applied during this step:

  1. Verify that your HSM script can handle the remove command. If not, update the HSM script or disable the HSM cleaner.

  1. If you have customized the look of the webdav door, you should reset the style to the default and reapply any customizations.

  2. If you are using pCells, please update to the latest version. Check the GUI Download Page in order to see which versions work with dCache 2.13.

  3. If the node relies on any databases, then update the schemas by running dcache database update.

  4. Start dCache and verify that it works.

  5. Run dcache check-config and fix any warnings.

Note that some properties that were previously used by several services have to be replaced with a configuration for each service type. Check the documentation in /usr/share/dcache/defaults for any property you need to change.

Also note that some properties have changed values or are inverted. The deprecated properties retain their old interpretation, however when replacing those with their new names, you have to update the value. In particular boolean properties that used to accept values like yes, no, enabled, disabled, now only accept true and false.

Frequently Asked Questions

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